M81/M82 Bode's galaxy and Cigar galaxy


M81/M82 Bode's galaxy and Cigar galaxy
Constellation: Ursa Major
~11.8 million light years distant
The galaxy center is active with high rate of star formation caused by the gravitational effect from nearby spiral galaxy, M81.
Ocala, FL and Chiefland, Florida
RGB 6 min subs for a total of 1 hour each channel
Luminance (with IDAS LP filter) combination of 4 min, 6 min and 10 min subs totaling 6 hours and 16 min
Ha 15 min subs for a total of 1 hour

Additional 30, 15 and 6 minute subs in Luminance added from Chiefland, Florida totaling 4 hours

Photoshop CS5 CS5
Imaging telescope: Orion 80mm EON
Imaging camera: QSI 683 wsg-8
Losmandy G-11 with Gemini II

M106 in Canes Venatici


M106 with accompanying galaxies NGC 4217, NGC 4248, NGC 4232, NGC 4231 and NGC 4220.
Spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici
~23.7 million light years distant
Ocala, FL (RGB)
Chiefland, FL (LUM)
Combination of 6 min and 10 min exposures stacked in DeepSkyStacker for a total of 6 hours 40 min
1 hours each RGB
3 hours and 40 min Luminance
2 hours 20 minutes Ha

Additional 15 minute subs in Luminance was added from Chiefland, Florida totaling 3 hours and 30 minutes.

Photoshop CS5
Imaging telescope: Orion 80mm EON
Imaging camera: QSI 683 wsg-8
Losmandy G-11 with Gemini II
Hutech IDAS Light Pollution Suppression (LPS) Filter
Click here to view retired image

Markarian's Chain


Markarian's Chain
Markarian's chain is a chain of galaxies that form part of the Virgo cluster located in the constellation Virgo.
Imaged from Chiefland Star Party Group field (Luminance and RGB)
Luminance 6 minute (totaling 2 hours and 36 minutes) and 8 minute subs (totaling 4 hours and 8 minutes) unbinned
RGB 4 minute subs in each channel (totaling 120 minutes) binned 2x2
Imaging telescope Orion 80mm EON
Imaging camera: QSI 683 wsg-8
Processed in Photoshop CS5
Losmandy G11 with Gemini 2 German equatorial mount

Wide field of Pac Man

NGC 281 the Pac Man nebula (field of view 118 arcmin x 154 arcmin)
Emission nebula in the constellation of Cassiopeia
RGB data captured on October 29 and 31, 2011
H-Alpha data captured on November 1 and November 2, 2011
Ocala, FL
RGB data: Combination of 60 sec, 120 sec and 180 sec. exposure stacked in DSS for a total of 4 hour 7 min with 10 minute
H-Alpha data: 10 minute exposure stacked in DeepSkyStacker for a total of 2 hours and 10 min.
PhotoShop CS5
Orion 80mm EON
Orion 50mm guide scope with SSAG
Canon T1i (modified)
Losmandy G11 with Gemini II
Hutech IDAS Light Pollution Suppression (LPS) Filter
Astronomic 6nm H-Alpha clip filter for Canon EOS

Additional data adding detail to the inner nebula was accomplished using an Astro-Tech 8 inch Ritchey-Chretien telescope (Ha data) and Explore Scientific 127mm CF APO (RGB)
Imaging camera: QSI 683wsg-8
Ha data 3 hours
RGB data 40 min each Red, Green and Blue channel binned 2x2



Melotte 15 in the Heart nebula


Melotte 15 is an emission nebula with star cluster in the center of the Heart nebula located in the constellation Cassiopeia.
Imaged from Ocala, Florida through Ha, Red, Green and Blue filters.
30 minute exposures (unbinned) in Ha combined for a total of 3 hours.
6 minute exposured (binned 2x2) totaling 1 hour Red, 1 hour Green and 1 hour Blue.
Processed in Photoshop
Imaging telescope: Explore Scientific 127mm CF Apochromatic refractor
Imaging camera: QSI 683 wsg-8

Losmandy G-11 with Gemini II German equatorial mount

NGC 2174, the Monkey Head nebula


NGC 2174, or the Monkey Head nebula, is an emission nebula in the constellation Orion located around 6,400 light years from Earth.
Ha 30 min subs x 6 (unbinned)
OIII 30 minute subs x6 (binned 2x2)
SII 30 minute subs x6 (binned 2x2)
Red, Green and Blue 4 minute subs x6 (binned 2x2) for star color
Imaging telescope: Explore Scientific 127mm CF APO refractor
Imaging camera: QSI 683 wsg-8 cooled CCD camera
Losmandy G11 with Gemini 2 German equatorial mount

M78 in Orion


M78 is a reflection nebula in Orion located around 1,600 light years from Earth.
Imaged from Chiefland Star Party Group Field in Chiefland, Florida.
Luminance: 8 minute subs x 18 (unbinned)
Red/Green/Blue: 4 minute subs x 10 (binned 2x2)
Imaging telescope: Explore Scientific 127mm CF Apochromatic refracter
Imaging camera: QSI 683wsg-8 cooled CCD camera

Losmandy G11 with Gemini 2 German equatorial mount